Home composting consists of mixing organic materials with compostable materials such as wood ash, nail and hair clippings, egg shells and 100% natural fibers like wool or cotton. You can also include compostable plastics in your compost pile. Compostable plastics are made from renewable raw materials like corn, tapioca and potato. When these plastics are composted, they break down becoming carbon dioxide and other natural ingredients once again. Compostable packaging can also be included, which are packaging materials made from renewable sources.
Once the materials are mixed together proportionately, they can be left to decompose naturally. After about 2-5 weeks, you will have a natural material that can be used as a fertilizer for the soil and plants.
Environmental Benefits of Composting
When you make compost, you are offering a lot of benefits to the environment. The soil is enriched by compost. The process produces helpful microorganisms that turn organic matter into humus, which is a nutrient-filled material that gives nutrients to the soil and helps it retain moisture. Humus helps in eliminating the need for fertilizers because the soil is already filled with nutrients – perfect for plant growth.
The process of composting cleanses contaminated soil. It absorbs volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which helps create VOC free environment for you and your kids. It also binds heavy metals, preventing them to be absorbed by plants, and also prevents them from getting into the water resources.
Composting at home can also help minimize landfill waste. When you compost waste materials such as paper and discarded food products, you are preventing those items from adding to the problem of increasing landfills.
Home composting can help you reduce your need for fertilizers, water, and pesticides. Since the compost makes the soil is healthy and gives it the ability to hold moisture much longer, you will spend less on your plant needs.
(2010) Benefits of Composting: Why Compost?. Retrieved August 6, 2010
(2010) Benefits of Using Compost. Retrieved August 6, 2010
(2010) Environmental Benefits. Retrieved August 6, 2010
(2010) Compostable Plastics. Retrieved August 6, 2010